8. The Garra rufa fish themselves have been found to carry strains of several infection-causing bacteria, including Streptococcus agalactiae, which can also cause pneumonia, and others that are resistant to antibiotics.
Garra Rufa fish, also known as 'doctor fish' have risen in popularity in recent times due too their use in a spa beauty treatments, as a therapy or to treat skin ailments. In the wild, Garra rufa feed on detritus, algae and tiny animals (like zooplankton). The 'spa' practice is banned in the United Kingsom and much of the USA and Canada, as cosmetology regulators believe the practice is unsanitary. It is recommended that Garra Rufa fish are kept in well-aerated moderate to fast flowing water to thrive. Garra Rufa are trypically peaceful, but can squabble amongst themselves in groups of less than 5, and may get territorial with similar species, or bottom feeding fish. Fine substrate, or soft sand, is recommended along with a well-planted aquarium with smooth rocks and driftwood.Can I keep Garra Rufa fish in a coldwater fish tankIn principle, yes, but please restrict to indoor aquaria and ensure that the temperature does not drop below 16 degrees celsius. Please take the time to acclimitise them if doing so. Our holding tank conditions are on average 22 degrees, so an aquarium of around 20-22C is recommended.What do Garra Rufa fish eatGarra Rufa fish, or Doctor Fish, will graze on algae growing in the aquarium, but will also eat small meaty items such as bloodworm and brineshrimp, along with a variety of sinking catfish pellets and algae wafers.Can I dip my feet in the tank and have them eat the dead skin Technically yes, but please don't. It's not very pleasant for the fish, and Garra Rufa fish are not there to supplement your beauty regime. Plus the risk of poisoning the water with nail varnish or other pollutants is very high. Let them nibble on your hands if you must, but ensure your digits are free from solvents, hand sanitizer, chemicals, nail varnish or any other harmful substance that may harm the fish. While the 'doctor fish' treatment has historically been found to alleviate the symptoms of conditions like psoriasis, the treatment is not curative. Morally and ethically, Garra Rufa fish should not be purchased if your sole motivation is to treat a skin ailment.FeaturesApprox. supplied size: 1-2\" / 3-5 cmMaximum size: 6\" / 15cmOrigin: Turkey, Middle EastFamily: CyprinidaeTemperament: PeacefulLighting requirement: BrightIdeal number kept together: 5+
Several US states and parts of Canada have already banned fish spas due to them being unsanitary, but we need more places to follow in their footsteps. Sign the petition now to end the unnecessary suffering to Garra rufa.
This is because the current view of G. rufa is likely to represent a complex of closely-related taxa rather than a single species (J. Freyhof, pers. comm.). The type locality is in Syria, whereas the commerical fish originate largely from Israel and possibly Turkey. Different populations, sometimes within the same country, tend to vary in appearance, and the possibility of hybridisation cannot be ruled out either.
That said, the fish do display some similarities across large portions of their range. Following Coad (2010) populations of G. rufa from Iraq and Iran can be diagnosed as follows: two pairs of barbels; modally 8 (87.1% for 534 fish, range 6-8) branched dorsal-fin rays; adhesive disc on lower head surface well-developed with free anterior margin.
Additionally, neither Chinchin nor Garra rufa is native to North America. The introduction of these fish into Illinois or the U.S., if released into the wild, may harm the local flora, fauna, and the environment, according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (Title 68: Professions and Occupations, Chapter VII: Department of Financial And Professional Regulation, Subchapter B: Professions and Occupations, Part 1175 The Barber, Cosmetology, Esthetics, Hair Braiding, and Nail Technology Act of 1985)
In both studies, ichthyotherapy treatments were not limited to the lower extremities as patients took full-body baths with the fish. However, treatment protocols differed between Ozcelik and Grassberger. For example, in the study by Grassberger et al., each patient was allocated a personal bathing tub that was constantly filtered and sterilized, whereas, in the Kangal Springs, each patient was required to take baths with 10-20 other patients simultaneously. Moreover, approximately 250-400 fish were used in each tub in the study by Grassberger et al; however, there was no estimate of the number of fish used in the study by Ozcelik and colleagues. Therefore, standardized protocols are needed.
The transport of fish in stressful, crowded conditions may lead to poor fish health and create an environment favorable for infection of the fish. An outbreak of Streptococcus agalactiae infection was found in 6,000 G. rufa fish from Indonesia imported to the United Kingdom (UK) in 2011, in which 95% of the fish died while the remaining fish were euthanized . Bacterial strains isolated from G. rufa imported from Indonesia into the UK in 2011 included Aeromonas spp, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae, Mycobacteria spp., and S. agalactiae, all of which demonstrated multidrug resistance. Similar bacterial strains in addition to Pseudomonas aeruginosa were isolated in fish spas in the Netherlands . In another study, S. agalactiae was isolated from a batch of G. rufa from a fish spa in Ireland . A more recent study by Volpe and colleagues looking at the cause of two mass mortality outbreaks among fish pedicure spas in Italy found the presence of multiple zoonotic bacterial species, such as Aeromonas veronii, Aeromonas hydrophila, V. cholerae,Shewanella putrefaciens, Mycobacterium marinum, and Mycobacterium goodii among both sick and asymptomatic fish due to poor handling and environmental conditions . This study highlights the first detection of M. goodii, an emerging nosocomial human pathogen, among fish or any animal, and therefore a potential zoonotic reservoir.
While various pathogenic bacteria have been found in association with G. rufa, the species of fish used for ichthyotherapy, no reports exist of any viral, fungal, protozoal, or helminth pathogens in association with this species.
Theoretically, bloodborne pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus or human immunodeficiency virus, could be transmitted from ichthyotherapy if blood from a small cut spills into the tank of one user and infects an open cut in a subsequent user of the same fish tank. However, no reports of this phenomenon exist, making this possibility unlikely. G. rufa has only been documented to feed on human skin (and not blood like mosquitos), further reducing the likelihood of bloodborne virus transmission.
The garra rufa is lively and very active, always on the move! It spends a lot of time looking for food. It is well equipped for this activity: it has two pairs of barbels with which it searches the ground in search of its next meal. It also likes to hide in stones.
The reproduction of the Garra rufa is easy and it is a very prolific fish. Reproductions take place during the warm season, or by simply raising the temperature in captivity. Ideally, the pH should be 7/7.5.
Relatively peaceful, garra rufa or most commonly known as doctor fish can be maintained alongside other species which require similar environmental conditions. Not difficult to keep in a well-maintained set-up but a display arranged to resemble a flowing stream or river, with a substrate of variably-sized, water-worn rocks, sand, fine gravel and perhaps some small boulders, is highly recommended.
What I'm interested in knowing is where you got the Garra Rufa, these fish are usually available only for commercial purposes such as spas as a skin treatment. finding them in the pet trade isn't easy at all. How did you get your hands on them
Despite being peaceful towards other species, red garras can be territorial towards their kind or similar-looking species. Ideally, these fish should be kept in groups of five or more individuals; if held in fewer numbers, they may quarrel. In addition, it would be better to provide plenty of visual barriers in the aquarium amongst the decor so if any minor territorial disputes occur, the fish can get away from others' lines of sight.
Doctor fish pedicures have created quite a de-bait in the beauty world. Some say the pedicures are an age-old health and cleansing practice that softens the skin and has the ability to rid feet of calluses and ailments like eczema and psoriasis. Others insist that fish footbaths aren't good for hygiene as they spread infections and are dangerous for your health. So, which is it We waded through the ocean of information and have reeled in the truth about this very fishy beauty ritual: The Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has determined that though customers should use caution when receiving garra rufa fish pedicures, the carp and fish pedicures are NOT responsible for the spread of foot and spa infections.
One of the strangest trends to hit the beauty world in some time, fish pedicures are similar to traditional pedicures in all but one area: the removal of dead skin. Typical pedicures remove calluses and dead skin with a pumice stone or a metal foot file, while fish pedicures handle the calluses in an entirely different way: small carp fish called garra rufa fish (or doctor fish) nibble the calluses and dead skin off of the feet.
Originally hailing from Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria, garra rufa fish have long been used for skin softening as well as for relieving and sometimes even curing conditions like eczema and psoriasis. Asian countries first began exporting the fish for use in salons and spas, and Europe picked up on the spa trend not long after. Fish pedicures finally hit the United States when Yvonne Hair and Nails in Alexandra, Virginia, offered th